Child labour is a big problem in India and the country has highest number of child workers in the world. Dec 08, 2020 - Child Labour and Education - Essay, UPSC MAINS UPSC Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of UPSC. While almost everyone agrees child labour cannot be overlooked, the issue is complex. It can be understood as under: Child labour is a matter on which both the Union Government and state governments can legislate. Essay on Child Labour: Illegal exploitation of a child for financial or other gains is known as Child labour. Synchronized with RTE: A complete ban on child labour with an exception on familial business during non-schooling hours helps provide a conducive environment for children to acquire elementary education; Rehabilitation Fund has been set up for the same; Concerns 182 to protect children from the worst forms of child labour, including slavery, prostitution and trafficking. It deprives the children of their childhood which should be spent. Part of: GS Prelims and Mains II – Social/Child issue; International Organizations and Conventions News: All 187 countries that are members of the UN International Labour Organization (ILO) have now ratified a convention No. THE CHILD LABOUR (PROHIBITION AND REGULATION) ACT, 1986. Features/ Benefits. Child labour is not only illegal but also detrimental & … The steps taken for eradication of Child Labour Prevention: According to the Child Labour Prohibition and Regulation Act, children of any age may be employed, provided employers adhere to restrictions, including a maximum of 6-hour workday with a 1-hour rest period, at least 1 day off per week, and no night or over-time work. Child Labour Amendment Act. A number of legislative initiatives have been undertaken at both levels. According to UNICEF, 13% of the total workforce in India are children. This document is highly rated by UPSC students and has been viewed 461 times. GK, General Studies, Optional notes for UPSC, IAS, Banking, Civil Services. Due to COVID-19 pandemic, the resulting economic and labour market have a … The theme of World Against Child Labour 2020 is "Protect children from child labour, now more than ever". INTRODUCTION Employment of children below 14 and 15 years in certain prohibited employments have been prohibited by various Acts but there is no procedure laid down in any law for deciding in which employments, occupations or processes the employment of children should be banned. Insights into Issues: Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Amendment Act Constitutional Provisions Relating to Child Labour: Article 24 prohibits the employment of children below the age of 14 years in hazardous industries. ILO Conventions on child labour. It is a crime to employ children below the age of 14 years. Allows their employment in non hazardous industries . 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